Data Set Citation:
When using this data, please cite the data package:
Saito M.
Larval host records of butterflies in Japan
ERDP-2016-02.1.3 (http://db.cger.nies.go.jp/JaLTER/metacat/metacat/ERDP-2016-02.1.3/jalter-en)
General Information:
Title:Larval host records of butterflies in Japan
Identifier:ERDP-2016-02.1.3
Abstract:
Using Japanese literature, we created a consolidated list of host records of butterflies in Japan. The list used the host records described in eight major illustrated reference books, two checklists, and 14 other pieces of literature. The presence of larvae on plants, the observation of larvae eating plants or insects in the field were considered as host records. We collected all species recorded in Japan. Scientific, family, and Japanese names of butterflies were consolidated using the BINRAN database (http://binran.lepimages.jp/). Scientific and Japanese names of host plants were based on the YList database (http://ylist.info/). If scientific names of host plants were not found in YList, we used scientific names based on The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/). Family names of host plants were based on the Catalogue of Life database (http://www.catalogueoflife.org/). Scientific, family, and Japanese names of host insects were based on the MOKUROKU database (http://konchudb.agr.agr.kyushu-u.ac.jp/mokuroku/) for Hymenoptera and the catalogue of the Paraneoptera of Japan published by the Entomological Society of Japan for Hemiptera. We also provided the references of each host record and the original names described in the referred literature. Two datasets, HostDB and ReferenceDB, were created to include 3600 records of butterfly larval hosts in Japan, along with scientific and Japanese names of each species and a literature list. These datasets will be useful for basic and applied biological studies of butterflies. Data files are stored in the Ecological Research Data Archives (http://db.cger.nies.go.jp/JaLTER/ER_DataPapers/) and available from http://hostbj.lepumus.net/. These datasets are published under the Creative Commons License Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 (CC BY-SA, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/).
Keywords:
  • biotic interaction
  • database
  • feeding habit
  • food plant
  • host insect
  • host plant
  • larva
  • Lepidoptera
  • life history
  • literature study
Data Table, Image, and Other Data Details:
Metadata download: Ecological Metadata Language (EML) File
Data Table:hostdb ( View Metadata | Download File download)
Data Table:referencedb ( View Metadata | Download File download)

Involved Parties

Data Set Owners:
Individual: Masayuki Saito
Organization:Faculty of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Address:
3-5-8 Saiwaicho,
Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8509 Japan
Email Address:
saito.ume@gmail.com
Data Set Contacts:
Individual: Masayuki Saito
Organization:Faculty of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Address:
3-5-8 Saiwaicho,
Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8509 Japan
Email Address:
saito.ume@gmail.com
Associated Parties:
Individual: Masayuki Saito
Organization:Faculty of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Address:
3-5-8 Saiwaicho,
Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8509 Japan
Email Address:
saito.ume@gmail.com
Individual: Utsugi Jinbo
Organization:Faculty of Agriculture, Tokyo Department of Zoology, National Museum of Nature and Science
Address:
4-1-1 Amakubo,
Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0005 Japan
Individual: Masaya Yago
Organization:The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Address:
7-3-1 Hongo,
Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033 Japan
Individual: Osamu Kurashima
Organization:Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo
Address:
3-8-1 Komaba,
Meguro, Tokyo 153-8902 Japan
Individual: Motomi Ito
Organization:Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo
Address:
3-8-1 Komaba,
Meguro, Tokyo 153-8902 Japan

Data Set Characteristics

Geographic Region:
Geographic Description:Japan
Bounding Coordinates:
West:  122.0  degrees
East:  154.0  degrees
North:  46.0  degrees
South:  20.0  degrees

Sampling, Processing and Quality Control Methods

Step by Step Procedures
Step 1:
Description:

Data collection

To create the consolidated list of larval hosts of butterflies in Japan, we collected the host records described in major illustrated reference books (Fukuda et al. 1982, 1983, 1984a, 1984b; Shirôzu 2006; Yata et al. 2007; Japan Butterfly Conservation Society 2012; Sugawara and Takahashi 2014) and checklists (Nihira 2004; Higa and Nagamine 2013) in Japan. Moreover, the host records in other literature (Fukuda 1997; Yatsu 2002, 2007; Beni 2004; Yago 2010, 2011a, 2011b, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, Daisetsu 2012; Asahi 2014; Futao II 2015) were also added to the dataset. In addition, we used information obtained through personal communication with one of the authors, M. Yago, a taxonomist of butterflies. In this study, we defined a host record as the occurrence of larvae on plants or the observation of larvae eating plants or insects in Japanese fields. We collected all species recorded in either area in Japan. Records were excluded only for oviposition because it is insufficient to specify the host. Similarly, a record of feeding under only rearing environment was also excluded. Host records from outside of Japan were not included in the dataset.

Step 2:
Description:

Data verification

Scientific, family and Japanese names of butterflies were consolidated via the BINRAN database (Inomata et al. 2010-2013; Jinbo et al. 2013), which is the current checklist of Japanese butterflies based on the catalogue of the Lepidoptera of Japan published by the Entomological Society of Japan (Inomata et al. 2013). Scientific and Japanese names of host plants were based on the YList database (Yonekura and Kajita 2003), the index of Japanese–scientific names. If scientific names of host plants were not found in YList, we used scientific names based on The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/ Accessed 15 February 2016), a comprehensive working list of all known plant species. Family names of host plants were based on the Catalogue of Life database (http://www.catalogueoflife.org/ Accessed 22 December 2014), the most comprehensive and authoritative global index of species. Scientific, family, and Japanese names of host insects were based on checklists of Japanese insects: the MOKUROKU database (http://konchudb.agr.agr.kyushu-u.ac.jp/mokuroku/ Accessed 30 October 2015) for Hymenoptera and the catalogue of the Paraneoptera of Japan published by the Entomological Society of Japan (Hayashi et al. in press) for Hemiptera. Both the plant and insect species that only genus or family name is identified by original literature was filled a cell using sp. or spp. The host species for which the genus or family name could not be identified was presented as a blank cell. Because most host species described in literature used Japanese names and family names (except for Nihira 2004), we identified the appropriate scientific name for these records. In addition, inconsistencies of description among literature were often found. To check for mistakes and judge for inconsistencies, a review by M. Yago was carried out for the dataset. Moreover, we showed the references of each host record and the original names described in the referred literature. This makes it feasible to easily verify each host record. Rare host records were often contained in original literature. When Japanese of the meaning “rare” was explicitly written for the description of original literature, we made it possible to distinguish the possibility of rare host record as a note.

Data Set Usage Rights

These datasets are published under the Creative Commons License Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 (CC BY-SA, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/).
Access Control:
Auth System:JaLTER
Order:allowFirst
Allow: [read] public
Metadata download: Ecological Metadata Language (EML) File